Ammonium nitrate (NH4 NO3) is a highly soluble & highly concentrated fertilizer. It’s contains 34.4% of nitrogen. Ammonium nitrate for agriculture is available in the form of granules of spherical shape. It has high hygroscopicity. Ammonium nitrate ranks first positions in agriculture fertilization programs and takes up to 55-60% of the Ukrainian market.
Ammonium nitrate belongs to the type of mineral fertilizers without which modern agriculture is practically inconceivable. Main advantages of the ammonium nitrate, that keep the positions of it on the market stable, are the following: belonging to the family of nitrogen fertilizers, the versatility of application, the possibility of industrial production and supply, the proven technology of production.
This fertilizer produced as follows: nitrogen is bound to hydrogen, as a result of the reaction, ammonia is formed; ammonia is subsequently oxidized to nitric acid and if ammonia is combined with nitric acid an ammonium nitrate is obtained, i. e. ammonium nitrate. Such agrochemistry will contain nitrogen in two forms that is ammonium and nitrate (17% ammonium and 17% nitrate nitrogen from the total amount of 34% nitrogen).
Ammonium nitrate is a colorless hygroscopic crystalline substance that dissolves in water easily (with a strong temperature drop in solution). This product is also explosive.
The popularity of ammonium nitrate is explained by its versatility as this fertilizer is widely used in agriculture for any crops and for all types of soils. It is used both as a main nitrogen fertilizer and as a basic pre-sowing fertilizer.